Geoffrey Chaucer Online:
The Electronic Canterbury Tales

Daniel T. Kline | U of Alaska Anchorage | Chaucer Pedagogy | CV | What's New? Revision History

Web Resources by Tale 

Electronic Canterbury Tales - Kankedort.Net Index Page

Fragment I / Group A
The General Prologue
The Knight's Tale
The Miller's Prologue & Tale
The Reeve's Prologue & Tale
The Cook's Prologue & Tale

Fragment II / Group B1
The Man of Law's Introduction, Prologue, Tale, & Epilogue

Fragment III / Group D
The Wife of Bath's Prologue & Tale
The Friar's Prologue & Tale
The Summoner's Prologue & Tale

Fragment IV / Group E
The Clerk's Prologue & Tale
The Merchant's Prologue, Tale, & Epilogue
Fragment V / Group F
The Squire's Introduction & Tale
The Franklin's Prologue & Tale

Fragment VI / Group C
The Physician's Tale
The Pardoner's Introduction, Prologue, & Tale

Fragment VII / Group B2
The Shipman's Tale
The Prioress's Prologue & Tale
The Prologue & Tale of Sir Thopas
The Tale of Melibee
The Monk's Prologue & Tale
The Nun's Priest's Prologue,
Tale, & Epilogue

Fragment VIII / Group G
The Second Nun's Prologue & Tale
The Canon's Yeoman's Prologue & Tale

Fragment IX / Group H 
The Manciple's Prologue & Tale

Fragment X / Group I
The Parson's Prologue & Tale
The Retraction

The Electronic Canterbury Tales:

Troilus and Criseyde

Additional Chaucer Pages in The Electronic Canterbury Tales

Chaucer the Pilgrim-Narrator & Author

Chaucer's "Orphan" Pilgrims - Those without a Tale

The Frame Tale, Later Continuations,
& Chaucerian Apocrypha

Manuscripts, Printed Editions, & Electronic Texts

Electronic Chaucer Texts:
What's Available Online?

Chaucer in / and Popular Culture

Troilus and Criseyde

Documentation Primer

Chaucer Pedagogy Page

If you need just one book
 about the Canterbury Tales, this is it!

Helen Cooper's
 Oxford Guide to the Canterbury Tales

 The General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales

A Guide to the Criticism -
Takes a chronological approach to critical disputes over the General Prologue from the 1880's to present


Related Schools, Programs, and Local & Regional Organizations

The Single Best Site for Online Term Paper & College Essay

See especially the Purdue OWL publications:

Related Medieval Studies Course and Web Pages

Societies & Organizations 

Websites for Calls for Papers

Call for Papers database from the University of Pennsylvania CFP listserv

Major Medieval Conferences Websites

International Congress on Medieval Studies (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI)

International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds

Schools, Programs, and Local & Regional Organizations

  Journal & Newsletter Homepages

An Academic Listserv (from Edwin Duncan, Towson U)


An Online Compendium and Companion 
to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales

The Knight's Tale

1.  In Middle English

The Knight's Tale at the UVa Electronic Text Center.

Read the Knight's Tale in the context of Fragment I - Group A.

Read Chaucer's short lyric Trouthe (Representative Poetry Online, U of Toronto), embodying a chivalric value crucial to the Knight's portrait in the General Prologue:

  • A Knyght ther was, and that a worthy man,
    That fro the tyme that he first bigan
    To riden out, he loved chivalrie,
    Trouthe and honour, fredom and curteisie. (I [A].43-46)

2.  In Modern English Translation

The Electronic Library Foundation's edition of the Canterbury Tales, accessible by individual tale & available in a variety of formats:  Middle English, Modern English, Facing Page, & Interpolated/Glossed (frames; from unknown base text).

  • Although unsuitable for formal research or college work, the ELF is the best online version for younger readers and those unfamiliar with Middle English.

Skip Knox's selection of Canterbury Tales in Modern English (Boise State) includes the Knight's Tale (from an unknown base text).

3.  Historical & Cultural Backgrounds

The Crusades (Paul Halsall, IMSB) offers a full range of primary sources on the Crusader Era from Urban II's pivotal address in 1095 to the fall of Acre in 1291, including accounts of the Crusading Orders. 

The Western Orientalism section of IMSB contains texts from Western European travelers as they describe the "exotic" lands of the East.

Knights, Warfare, Weapons, and Tournaments:

Steven Muhlberger (Nipissing U) has put together a very fine compilation of chivalric texts entitled, Deeds of Arms: A Collection of Accounts of Formal Deeds of Arms of the Fourteenth Century. These are, in fact, accounts of tournaments (in original languages and in translation) as opposed to fictionalized accounts. Included in the riches here are 

See also Muhlberger's Historical Materials on Knighthood and Chivalry and Fighting for Fun? What was at Stake in Formal Deeds of Arms of the 14th Century?

Elizabeth Bennett (Princeton) has provided a facing page translation of Rene d'Anjou's traictié de la forme et devis d'ung tournoy.  Bennett notes "The tournament book describes a style of tournament which René says he has adapted from the ancient customs of France and other countries. Although René describes this tournament in vivid detail, we do not know if such a tournament was ever held in the fifteenth century."

The Association for Renaissance Martial Arts has an extensive site that puts the meat and bones back into the romantic accounts of medieval warfare, and it's chock full of articles explaining and illustrating forms of medieval combat and types of weapons. A rich site indeed that focuses on late medieval (and Renaissance) combat. See especially:

Other Websites Concerning Knights, Warfare, and Tournaments:

4.  Sources, Analogues, & Related Texts

TEAMS Middle English Text Series (Russell Peck, URochester) houses a number of lesser known and hard to find medieval texts in helpful student editions. A generous and fascinating selection not to be missed! Each selection includes a scholarly introduction and full notes. Some of the selections related to the Knight's Tale include:

"All TEAMS texts are under copyright, whether in hard copy or in electronic form. The on-line texts provided here are meant for individual use only. To download and make multiple copies for course use, you must have permission from the managing editor of Medieval Institute Publications."

Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy, from the W.V. Cooper translation. (London: J.M. Dent, 1902). A key text for understanding the Knight's Tale. 

For other views of medieval chivalry, you might peruse one of the greatest of all   Middle English poems, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, or the famous crusading epic, The Song of Roland.

5.  Online Notes & Commentary

Discussion and links concerning the Knight's Tale on Larry D. Benson's superlative Geoffrey Chaucer Page (Harvard). Includes e-texts of scholarly essays, sources and ancillary texts, and capsule discussions of key issues.  Some of the items related to the Knight's Tale include:

6.  Online Articles and Books

Peer Reviewed Articles

Louise O. Fradenberg's Sacrificial Desire in Chaucer's Knight's Tale," Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 27.1 (1997), 47-75 takes a Lacanian view of the KnT.

Helen Barr's "Chaucer's Knight: A Christian Killer," The English Review 12.2 (2001), np takes on the claim that the Knight was a mercenary. From Grover Wonderbrook's website.

Academic Books

An important work of gender criticism in Chaucer studies is Elaine Tuttle Hanson's Chaucer and the Fictions of Gender (Berkeley: U of California P, 1992).  

H. Marshall Leicester's The Disenchanted Self: Representing the Subject in the Canterbury Tales (Berkeley: U of California P, 1990).

Richard Neuse reads Chaucer through the lens of the great Italian poet Dante in Chaucer's Dante: Allegory and Epic Theater in The Canterbury Tales. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1991). 

Charles Ross traces the courtly tradition in The Custom of the Castle: From Malory to Macbeth (Berkeley: U of California P, 1997). 

Aldo Scaglione details a wide variety of knightly practices in Knights at Court: Courtliness, Chivalry, and Courtesy from Ottonian Germany to the Italian Renaissance (Berkeley: U of California P, 1992).

R.A. Shoaf's online postprint Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word devotes Chapter 10 to "Fragment A and the Versions of the Household"

Chaucer Sourcebook, from the Harvard Chaucer Page, offers a number of classic and professional essays from noted Chaucerians, including:

Sarah Stanbury, "Visibility Politics in Chaucer's Knight's Tale," from the Conference Proceedings of "Cultural Frictions:  Medieval Studies in Postmodern Contexts," 27-28 October 1995.  Cite as web document.

Other Studies

Chaucer's Knight, the Tale of Melibee, and the SocioHistorical Implications of Pilgrimage, from the very interesting website of Frederick Martin and his project Whitecrow Borderland, which is concerned with articulating a Native American cultural philosophy.

Essays in Medieval Studies, full-text articles from the proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association, edited by Allen J. Frantzen (Loyola - Chicago).

Keeping in mind the Knight's portrait in the General Prologue and Theseus's grand tournament between Palamon and Arcite for the hand of Emily, see Steven Muhlberger's excellent overview of the knightly ethos in Fighting for Fun? What was at Stake in Formal Deeds of Arms of the 14th Century?

Thomas Honegger has written a sophisticated linguistic analysis in  'Yif me my love, thow blisful lady deere' : Forms of Address in Chaucer's The Knight's Tale (U of Zurich).

7.  Student Projects

Matthew Markland, a student of Susan Yager (Iowa State) prepared a hypertext report on Chaucer's Poetry:  The Boethian Poems, whose content is pertinent to the Knight's Tale.

Anniina Jokkinen's Essays and Articles on Chaucer includes a number of sample student essays, of varying quality.  Like any other source, student essays must be evaluated rigorously, cited correctly, and  used responsibly. Jokkinen also compiles a number of resources by Canterbury Tale: The Knight's Tale

8.  Online Bibliography

Steven Mulberger's Select Bibliography on Medieval Tournaments (Nipissing U).

William Vincenti's Chivalry Bibliography (Montclair State U).

From Association for Renaissance Martial Arts: General Reference Books on Medieval Arms & Armor or Medieval Warfare

9.  Syllabi & Course Descriptions

10.  Images & Multimedia

See the Knight's Portrait from the Ellesmere Manuscript, one of the two earliest compilations of the Canterbury Tales (Huntington Library, San Marino, California).

11.  Language Helps & Audio Files

Sample audio files (.wav, .au, .aiff) from the Knight's Tale, read by Alan T. Gaylord and recorded at Dartmouth College in 1994, are available from the Chaucer Studio (Paul Thomas, Brigham Young).

12. Potpourri

Warfare and armor, mostly from enthusiasts and hobbyists:


13.  The Next Step

The Electronic Canterbury Tales
Scholar's Dozen

  1. The Online Chaucer Bibliography (Mark E. Allen, UT San Antonio) is from Studies in the Age of Chaucer and the New Chaucer Society. Another excellent project. Searchable by keyword and other Boolean terms.

  2. The Chaucer Review: An Indexed Bibliography, vols. 1-30  (Peter Beidler, Lehigh U. & Martha Kalnin, Baylor U). Originally published as the April 1997 issue of Chaucer Review and now put into html, this website provides a searchable list of all of the nearly 800 articles that have appeared in Chaucer Review, and, more important, a subject index to all of those articles. Excellent, and an invaluable resource.

  3. The Essential Chaucer (Mark E. Allen, UT San Antonio and John H. Fisher, UTennessee). This selective, annotated bibliography of Chaucer studies from 1900-1984 is divided into almost 90 topics, including themes, techniques, and individual works by Chaucer.  An invaluable starting point. See the Table of Contents

  4. The best single site devoted to the Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales, The Harvard Chaucer Page, is a tutorial in itself, brought to the WWW by Larry D. Benson, gen. ed. of The Riverside Chaucer. Check the Index for easy access to the wealth of primary and secondary material there.

  5. Paul Halsall's consummate Internet Medieval Sourcebook (Fordham U) offers a wealth of primary historical and cultural texts (from older print sources) and commentary on its numerous sub-pages. Comprehensive, and unsurpassed for medieval studies. See, for example, The 'Calamitous' Fourteenth Century.

  6. TEAMS Middle English Text Series (Russell Peck, URochester) houses a number of lesser known and hard to find medieval texts in helpful student editions. A generous and fascinating selection not to be missed! Each selection includes a scholarly introduction and full notes. 

  7. Michigan's Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse has a large number of important primary texts, often older Early English Text Society volumes. The new editions also boast an upgraded search engine (Paul Schaffner & Perry Willett, UMichigan). Most important for Chaucer studies are the Chaucer Society editions of important early  manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales (edited by the indefatigable Furnivall).

  8. The Middle English Collection of the University of Virginia Electronic Text Center includes searchable editions of a number of important ME texts (generally from older editions without the critical apparatus), including:

  9. The Middle English Dictionary is online at the UMichigan site. You have to access the individual password month by month. Note: The MED seems now to be temporarily offline, or perhaps inaccessible for the moment to individual users.

  10. A real boon for scholars, the Canterbury Tales Project (Peter Robinson, U of Birmingham) has generously made available a series of articles and working papers describing the CTProject in detail.

  11. From Barbara Bordalejo (Canterbury Tales Project - DeMontfort U), a fully searchable online edition of Caxton's two printed editions of the Canterbury Tales: Caxton's Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies.

  12. The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies (Kathryn Talarico, gen. ed.) "is an academic site, written and maintained by medieval scholars for the benefit of their fellow instructors and serious students. All articles have been judged by at least two peer reviewers. Authors are held to high standards of accuracy, currency, and relevance to the field of medieval studies."

  13. For a peer-reviewed, academically sound evaluation of online Chaucer resources, see the links and annotations at the Chaucer Metapage project (gen. eds. Joe Wittig, UNC & Edwin Duncan, Towson State U).

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How to Document

Print & Electronic Sources:
The Chaucer Pedagogy
Documentation Primer

Writing Resources (from


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