Geoffrey Chaucer Online:
The Electronic Canterbury Tales

Daniel T. Kline | U of Alaska Anchorage | Chaucer Pedagogy | CV | What's New? Revision History

Web Resources by Tale 

Electronic Canterbury Tales - Kankedort.Net Index Page

Fragment I / Group A
The General Prologue
The Knight's Tale
The Miller's Prologue & Tale
The Reeve's Prologue & Tale
The Cook's Prologue & Tale

Fragment II / Group B1
The Man of Law's Introduction, Prologue, Tale, & Epilogue

Fragment III / Group D
The Wife of Bath's Prologue & Tale
The Friar's Prologue & Tale
The Summoner's Prologue & Tale

Fragment IV / Group E
The Clerk's Prologue & Tale
The Merchant's Prologue, Tale, & Epilogue
Fragment V / Group F
The Squire's Introduction & Tale
The Franklin's Prologue & Tale

Fragment VI / Group C
The Physician's Tale
The Pardoner's Introduction, Prologue, & Tale

Fragment VII / Group B2
The Shipman's Tale
The Prioress's Prologue & Tale
The Prologue & Tale of Sir Thopas
The Tale of Melibee
The Monk's Prologue & Tale
The Nun's Priest's Prologue,
Tale, & Epilogue

Fragment VIII / Group G
The Second Nun's Prologue & Tale
The Canon's Yeoman's Prologue & Tale

Fragment IX / Group H 
The Manciple's Prologue & Tale

Fragment X / Group I
The Parson's Prologue & Tale
The Retraction

The Electronic Canterbury Tales:

Troilus and Criseyde

Additional Chaucer Pages in The Electronic Canterbury Tales

Chaucer the Pilgrim-Narrator & Author

Chaucer's "Orphan" Pilgrims - Those without a Tale

The Frame Tale, Later Continuations,
& Chaucerian Apocrypha

Manuscripts, Printed Editions, & Electronic Texts

Electronic Chaucer Texts:
What's Available Online?

Chaucer in / and Popular Culture

Troilus and Criseyde

Documentation Primer

Chaucer Pedagogy Page

The "First Fragment" or "Group A" (GProl, KnT, MT, RT, CT) of the Canterbury Tales

is available in a nice Penguin paperback edition

Lee Patterson's study has a substantial essay on the Miller and his tale


Related Schools, Programs, and Local & Regional Organizations

The Single Best Site for Online Term Paper & College Essay

See especially the Purdue OWL publications:

Related Medieval Studies Course and Web Pages

Societies & Organizations 

Websites for Calls for Papers

Call for Papers database from the University of Pennsylvania CFP listserv

Major Medieval Conferences Websites

International Congress on Medieval Studies (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI)

International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds

Schools, Programs, and Local & Regional Organizations

  Journal & Newsletter Homepages

An Academic Listserv (from Edwin Duncan, Towson U)


An Online Compendium and Companion 
to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales

The Miller's Tale

1.  In Middle English

The Miller's Prologue and Miller's Tale at the UVa Electronic Text Center.

Read the Miller's Tale in the context of Fragment I - Group A.

Read the Miller's Prologue and Tale according to the Hengwrt ms (Hengwrt - Hg), one of the two most important early manuscripts, at the University of Toronto's Representative Poetry On-line site. The Ellesmere manuscript (El) is the other important early edition.

2.  In Modern English Translation

Scott Gettman's edition of the Canterbury Tales (Electronic Literature Foundation) is accessible by individual tale & available in a variety of formats:  Middle English, Modern English, Facing Page, & Interpolated - Glossed (frames; from unknown base text).

  • Although unsuitable for formal research or college work, the ELF is the best online version for younger readers and those unfamiliar with Middle English. Easily navigable, and the Middle English glosses are very helpful.

The Litrix Reading Room translation of the Canterbury Tales features rhyming couplets.

Sinan Kökbugur's helpfully glossed hypertext Middle English rendition of the complete Canterbury Tales is available at the Librarius page. Use the Table of Contents in the left frame to click on a specific Tale, and difficult terms and phrases are glossed in the lower frame. 

Skip Knox's selection of Canterbury Tales in Modern English (Boise State) includes the Miller's Prologue and Miller's Tale (from an unknown base text).

3.  Historical & Cultural Backgrounds

What kind of economic environment did medieval miller's operate in?  Read Mavis Mate's technical article, "The Rise and Fall of Markets in Southeast England," an e-print of the article published in Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d'histoire XXXI, April/avril 1996, pp. 59-86.

4.  Sources, Analogues, & Related Texts

Read about Fabliaux at the Harvard Chaucer Page.

Flatulence figures prominently in the Miller's Tale to the degree that we might consider a "metaphysics of flatulence" in the Middle Ages.  See D.L. Ashliman's listing of tales under Breaking Wind:   Legendary Farts at his Folklore and Mythology Electronic Texts page (UPittsburg).

Interestingly, Chaucer's Miller's Tale is one of the earliest sources we have that refers to the great medieval "cycle" plays--the civic drama performed in a number of cities. See European Medieval Drama (Sydney Higgins) for a full set of links to this important medieval literature.

  • In a reference to the Holy Family (Joseph, Mary, and Jesus), the Miller proposes to tell "a legende and a lyf / of a carpenter and of his wyf" (A.3141-42).  Read the York Play of Joseph's Trouble with Mary (York XIII, in Middle English) to see the "problem" when an old man marries a young woman.
  • Nicholas sings the Angelus ad virginum, a reference to the Annunciation (A.3216).  Read the York Annunciation and Visitation Play (York XII) and the Towneley Annunciation (Towneley 10). Both plays in Middle English, from UVa.
  • Absolon "pleyeth Herodes upon a scaffold hye" (A.3384).  Read the Towneley Herod the Great (Towneley 16) and York Play of Herod and the Magi (York XVI) to get a sense of this over-the-top medieval character. Both plays in Middle English, from UVa.

5.  Online Notes & Commentary

Discussion and links concerning the Miller's Prologue and Tale on Larry D. Benson's superlative Geoffrey Chaucer Page (Harvard). Includes e-texts of scholarly essays, sources and ancillary texts, and capsule discussions of key issues. Some of the items related to the   Miller's Tale include:

Dene Scoggins' English 316 site (UT Austin) explores "culture, ideology, and issues of canonicity" in the Canterbury Tales, including a student developed page devoted to the Miller's Tale.

Christy Desmet (UGeorgia) briefly points out the importance of the mystery plays to the Miller's Tale in "The Miller's Tale" and Noah's Flood.

6.  Online Articles & Books

A generous new online publishing venture: The University of California E-Scholarship Editions. "University of California Press now offers electronic versions of almost all of its journal titles and over 1400 books online, many of them out of print." E-journals are available to subscriber institutions; 400 full texts, many covering medieval topics, are available to the general public; the rest to members of the UC community.

A selection of Chaucer-related and medieval studies titles from the University of California related to the Miller's Tale include:

  • Bloch, R. Howard, and Frances Ferguson, eds. Misogyny, Misandry, and Misanthropy. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1989
  • Elaine Tuttle Hanson's Chaucer and the Fictions of Gender (Berkeley: U of California P, 1992).  
  • Steven V. Justice's Writing and Rebellion: England in 1381 (Berkeley: U of California P, 1994). 
  • Laura Kendrick's Chaucerian Play: Comedy and Control in the Canterbury Tales (Berkeley: U of California P, 1988). 
  • H. Marshall Leicester's The Disenchanted Self: Representing the Subject in the Canterbury Tales (Berkeley: U of California P, 1990).
  • Richard Neuse's Chaucer's Dante: Allegory and Epic Theater in The Canterbury Tales. (Berkeley: U of California P, 1991). 

R.A. Shoaf's online postprint Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word devotes Chapter 10 to "Fragment A and the Versions of the Household"

Mari Pakkala-Weckström (U of Helsinki) has written The Discourse of Seduction and Intrigue: Linguistic Strategies in Three Fabliaux in the Canterbury Tales which examines "the different linguistic strategies used by the participants: wives, husbands and lovers with their varying roles" in tales of the Miller, Merchant, and Shipman.

7.  Student Projects & Essays

Cathy Cupitt compares and contrasts the Knight's and Miller's Tales in Laughing at the Carpenter.

Anniina Jokkinen's Essays and Articles on Chaucer includes a number of sample student essays, of varying quality.  Like any other source, student essays must be evaluated rigorously, cited correctly, and  used responsibly. Jokkinen also compiles a number of resources by Canterbury Tale: The Miller's Tale

8.  Online Bibliography

9.  Syllabi & Course Descriptions

10.  Images & Multimedia

11.  Language Helps & Audio Files

Sample audio files (.wav, .au, .aiff) from the Miller's Tale, recorded at the Tenth International Congress of the New Chaucer Society, Santa Monica College, Beverly Hills, July 1996, are available from the Chaucer Studio (Paul Thomas, Brigham Young).

12. Potpourri

13.  The Next Step

The Electronic Canterbury Tales
Scholar's Dozen

  1. The Online Chaucer Bibliography (Mark E. Allen, UT San Antonio) is from Studies in the Age of Chaucer and the New Chaucer Society. Another excellent project. Searchable by keyword and other Boolean terms.

  2. The Chaucer Review: An Indexed Bibliography, vols. 1-30  (Peter Beidler, Lehigh U. & Martha Kalnin, Baylor U). Originally published as the April 1997 issue of Chaucer Review and now put into html, this website provides a searchable list of all of the nearly 800 articles that have appeared in Chaucer Review, and, more important, a subject index to all of those articles. Excellent, and an invaluable resource.

  3. The Essential Chaucer (Mark E. Allen, UT San Antonio and John H. Fisher, UTennessee). This selective, annotated bibliography of Chaucer studies from 1900-1984 is divided into almost 90 topics, including themes, techniques, and individual works by Chaucer.  An invaluable starting point. See the Table of Contents

  4. The best single site devoted to the Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales, The Harvard Chaucer Page, is a tutorial in itself, brought to the WWW by Larry D. Benson, gen. ed. of The Riverside Chaucer. Check the Index for easy access to the wealth of primary and secondary material there.

  5. Paul Halsall's consummate Internet Medieval Sourcebook (Fordham U) offers a wealth of primary historical and cultural texts (from older print sources) and commentary on its numerous sub-pages. Comprehensive, and unsurpassed for medieval studies. See, for example, The 'Calamitous' Fourteenth Century.

  6. TEAMS Middle English Text Series (Russell Peck, URochester) houses a number of lesser known and hard to find medieval texts in helpful student editions. A generous and fascinating selection not to be missed! Each selection includes a scholarly introduction and full notes. 

  7. Michigan's Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse has a large number of important primary texts, often older Early English Text Society volumes. The new editions also boast an upgraded search engine (Paul Schaffner & Perry Willett, UMichigan). Most important for Chaucer studies are the Chaucer Society editions of important early  manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales (edited by the indefatigable Furnivall).

  8. The Middle English Collection of the University of Virginia Electronic Text Center includes searchable editions of a number of important ME texts (generally from older editions without the critical apparatus), including:

  9. The Middle English Dictionary is online at the UMichigan site. You have to access the individual password month by month. Note: The MED seems now to be temporarily offline, or perhaps inaccessible for the moment to individual users.

  10. A real boon for scholars, the Canterbury Tales Project (Peter Robinson, U of Birmingham) has generously made available a series of articles and working papers describing the CTProject in detail.

  11. From Barbara Bordalejo (Canterbury Tales Project - DeMontfort U), a fully searchable online edition of Caxton's two printed editions of the Canterbury Tales: Caxton's Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies.

  12. The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies (Kathryn Talarico, gen. ed.) "is an academic site, written and maintained by medieval scholars for the benefit of their fellow instructors and serious students. All articles have been judged by at least two peer reviewers. Authors are held to high standards of accuracy, currency, and relevance to the field of medieval studies."

  13. For a peer-reviewed, academically sound evaluation of online Chaucer resources, see the links and annotations at the Chaucer Metapage project (gen. eds. Joe Wittig, UNC & Edwin Duncan, Towson State U).

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How to Document

Print & Electronic Sources:
The Chaucer Pedagogy
Documentation Primer

Writing Resources (from


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